Eagle Bulk Delivery Inventory: A Dangerous Delivery Play (NASDAQ:EGLE)

Miro Nenchev Funding Thesis: Eagle Bulk Delivery Inc. (NASDAQ:EGLE) is a dry bulk delivery industry,…

Miro Nenchev

Funding Thesis:

Eagle Bulk Delivery Inc. (NASDAQ:EGLE) is a dry bulk delivery industry, offering its ships for the shipping of commodities reminiscent of coal. We love the industry as a result of its vessels are the sort that experience the least quantity of volatility in worth and, because of macro headwinds, usually are hit the least.

Even though we expect macro prerequisites will probably be net-negative for EGLE, the industry is situated smartly to benefit from present constitution charges to no less than have a excellent 2022. With the present order ebook closing low, we predict the cyclical nature of the trade to be much less destructive. Constitution charges stay at a heightened stage, on account of inflation and the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The affect of those two won’t deplete temporarily and that’s what traders can have the benefit of with EGLE.

Inside of this trade, it isn’t unusual to seek out companies with shaky steadiness sheets which can be one recession clear of being deleted from lifestyles. This isn’t the case with EGLE: the steadiness sheet is forged, and the vessels’ price greater than covers the debt positions.

With the industry’s present dividend coverage and environment friendly operations, traders must be rewarded conveniently with a powerful yield, which recently sits at 12.82%.

We thus fee EGLE a purchase.

Corporate Description:

Eagle is a delivery industry with a fleet of 53 dry bulk ships, comprising predominantly Ultramax and Supramax.

EGLE’s ships are within the area of 55-65 thousand metric lots (DWT) and elevate such items as coal, iron ore, grains, and different bulks.

The delivery trade has had eventful few years. It had an preliminary crash all over the COVID-19 pandemic, as economies (and thus call for) floor to a halt. Due to this fact, we noticed a resurgence as provide chains struggled to stand up to capability, whilst pent-up call for exploded.

EGLE’s percentage worth has moved in unison with this, falling from $30 to $10 after which therefore emerging to $76, sooner than falling once more to $47. Potential traders must perceive this from the beginning: even though delivery companies are sexy for his or her yield, their inventory costs are way more unstable than your moderate prime dividend inventory.

Information by way of YCharts

Macro concerns:

Delivery companies act as a bridge between the call for for items inside an economic system and the manufacturers. With the transfer against globalization, the delivery trade and the arena economic system have develop into extremely correlated. Due to this fact, to evaluate EGLE’s medium-term possibilities, we wish to take a look at the well being of the arena economic system.


Inflation within the U.S. hit 9.1% in Might-22, at the again of chronic charge will increase throughout explicit industries, together with power. This has ended in many nations coming near a cost-of-living disaster, with other folks suffering to provider their momentary duties. This has traders fearing stagflation, as discretionary spending falls however inflationary power stays. The issue for EGLE here’s that constitution charges have risen at the again of this inflation, and corporations have bid-up charges to be able to meet call for. This will best proceed for see you later, then again, and we would possibly after all be seeing the affect of this. If financial enlargement slows, so will the call for for dry commodities.

A counterpoint here’s that lots of the items EGLE transports are must haves, reminiscent of grain and coal, and so despite the fact that economies start to battle, a lot of the call for won’t deplete.

Russian Invasion:

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has had a subject matter affect on EGLE’s trade. The cause of that is that Ukraine is a primary exporter of coal and grain, as is Russia. With sanctions put on Russia, those commodities wish to be transported from different nations, inflicting primary disruption and thus call for for ships. Additional, it’s considerably tougher to now get Ukrainian items outdoor of the rustic as Russia has focused ports. Must Ukraine fall, those commodities may also be misplaced.

The general affect, which is most likely probably the most impactful within the short-to-medium time period, is the limitations on Russian oil (and the prospective lack of Ukrainian liquefied herbal fuel). Russia is the biggest supplier of oil to the continent of Europe, and the area is now having a look to fully transfer clear of Russian imports. Germany has already halted the arguable Nord Movement 2 and is concentrated on an finish to imports in 2022. The substitute for this, particularly for Germany (Who’s the biggest Eu economic system and anti-nuclear), is most likely coal. Even those that wish to ramp up nuclear have little selection within the momentary because of the preliminary arrange charge (time and monetary).

This must imply sustained call for for coal, which differently was once a commodity being slowly phased out within the western global. With iciness coming near, lets see a momentary spike in call for for coal transportation, particularly if Russia shuts off provide to Europe at a vital time.

Gasoline costs:

As those ships require gasoline, it’s logical to argue that emerging gasoline costs will hurt EGLE’s margins, and so there’s an offset impact. In keeping with Celebrity Bulk Carriers (SBLK), even though, this isn’t essentially the case. The cause of that is that once gasoline costs building up, the ships pass slower to compensate. This ends up in much less general tonnage being transported which bids up constitution charges.

Additional, 47 of EGLE’s ships can function on prime sulfur gasoline oil (HSFO) and so can benefit from decrease prices relative to very low sulfur gasoline oil (VLSFO). The delta between the two fuels is widening, with HSFO falling. EGLE estimated that the advantage of that is c.$39M, even though it’ll most likely be upper now.

Rates of interest:

Rates of interest are slowly expanding globally in keeping with inflation. This has a compounding impact of slowing enlargement, which as we touched on above, will deliver down call for. Additional, this will likely affect EGLE’s present and long term financing preparations, which is able to consume away at income and distributable returns.


If issues from one nation weren’t sufficient, we now have China as smartly. The Chinese language economic system has been appearing cracks within the final yr or so, with the housing marketplace starting to battle and the rustic closing cussed on its zero-COVID coverage. Even though the economic system is rising, it’s now not by way of a lot, and lots of have recommended the length of expansionary Chinese language enlargement via home spending would possibly finish. This has already had an affect on iron ore costs, that have fallen aggressively at the fears that call for from the Chinese language building marketplace will fall.

Moreover, with China proceeding to threaten Taiwan and talk unwell of Australia, we would possibly see additional unfavorable disruption one day. Despite the fact that that is simply China lowering its publicity to Australian coal. The query is that if they start uploading from Russia, which might lock EGLE out of the marketplace.


The fruits of the above is a bleak outlook for enlargement, which is among the causes we’re seeing markets react as they’re. We must then again upload {that a} length of stagflation or perhaps a recession isn’t a sure bet. The United Kingdom economic system, for instance, returned to enlargement in Might, which was once sudden to a couple however proof of well being within the economic system.

Delivery trade:

The delivery trade has noticed a growth in new builds / the order ebook as companies glance to benefit from heightened costs. The problem here’s that we would possibly way a time the place call for falls however provide of ships continues to amplify. The inevitable affect is a correction in constitution charges. For dry bulks, then again, this isn’t the case. Intermodal notes that ranges stay low, with this not likely to switch. This must imply that there’s now not worth decay from provide no less than, which is excellent information for traders.

EGLE is arguably in the most productive phase of the dry bulk marketplace, proudly owning Supramax and Ultramax vessels. The cause of that is that those vessels traditionally have had much less volatility and usually have a greater usage. That is because of the better flexibility that incorporates the scale, bearing in mind extra varieties of commodities which will also be shipped. The good looks of Capesize is the better margins, however you business on volatility and no more sure source of revenue. With coal and iron ore coming below power, lets see Capesize vessels battle going ahead.

The Baltic Dry Index (BDI) is a brilliant indicator for the well being of the marketplace, because it tracks the day by day constitution charges of dry bulk vessels in numerous routes.


BDI (Buying and selling View)

We observe that costs appear to be stabilizing after a pointy fall in October. Inflationary pressures and the Russian invasion most likely had been catalysts for the transfer upper at a number of issues in the previous couple of months, and those problems aren’t going away. Lets realistically see this proceed in 2023. At those costs, EGLE is extremely winning, and that are meant to imply massive distributions for shareholders.


EGLE has spent 9 of the final 11 years shedding cash, which is moderately the fulfillment. In FY20, then again, the industry posted an improbable $185M in internet benefit. This was once at the again of 116.1% building up in earnings. What we adore is that the industry has little or no in bills outdoor of CoGS, with its OPM at 44% and GPM at 58.7% (Supply: Tikr Terminal).

Stability sheet-wise, EGLE is in a excellent position. The industry recently has c.$330M in long-term debt, which has been refinanced in Oct-21 at a decrease rate of interest and has a adulthood in 2026. With vessels valued at c.$900M, the industry is conveniently capitalized. In all chance, vessel valuations will start to fall quite however EGLE has the margin to be relaxed. Given the cyclical nature of the industry, liquidity is vital and we imagine the money steadiness of $84M is enough. The industry’s present ratio is 1.37, underpinning this (Supply: Tikr Terminal).


EGLE’s present yield is very sexy at 12.82%. With inflation consuming away on the price of money, and fairness markets heading in a single route, EGLE is a brilliant proposition for traders on the lookout for money returns. EGLE’s coverage is to distribute 30% of internet source of revenue, which, in response to analyst estimates, would imply a yield of 13.5% in 2022 and seven.7% in 2023 (Supply: Tikr Terminal / Writer’s calculation).

The access worth, then again, should be proper. As we now have discussed, the field is very unstable, and so traders must glance to generate profits in each capital appreciation and dividends, as a pointy correction can wipe out any money returns.

EGLE is recently buying and selling at a P/E ratio of 0.95 and a more than one of FCF of four.4x. That is extremely sexy, with the industry buying and selling smartly beneath the likes of Danaos (DAC), Costamare (CMRE), GSL and others. Even though some will have better visibility on money drift, reminiscent of GSL, the cut price at the valuation displays the chance.

Moreover, we must take a step again. The industry has a marketplace cap of c.$646M. With vessels price c.$919M, money of $86M and internet present belongings to transform into money of $50M. Once we deduct the companies debt positions of $330M, we get a price of $725M. This offers us a big margin of protection at the present asset base, and this doesn’t issue within the unfastened money drift that will probably be generated within the close to long term.

Ultimate Ideas:

EGLE is a brilliant industry and arguably has the most productive doable amongst numerous the delivery companies at its measurement. We in point of fact like the scale of its vessels, and, at their present age, we aren’t scared of a wish to exchange them. Sure macro prerequisites must be really useful for the industry, however the general view is that headwinds are forward. This isn’t a low-risk funding, then again. Even though the constitution charges have decrease volatility than others, it’s nonetheless moderately unstable. Eagle’s profitability historical past is proof of this. Buyers will wish to observe this inventory very sparsely.

What has tipped our view on EGLE inventory is its present valuation. At this worth, you might be purchasing the companies at a slight cut price to its ebook price, with a number of months no less than of the present heightened constitution charges. Right through this era, traders can experience prime dividends.

We’re below no phantasm that marketplace sentiment is low, and so in all chance EGLE will apply regardless of the marketplace does. Due to this fact, traders assessing EGLE must imagine scaling right into a place over the years, as dividends won’t offer protection to in opposition to massive swings.

We fee EGLE a purchase.